Crohn’s disease is a nonspecific inflammatory disease of the digestive tract, located mainly in the small and large intestine, manifested by chronic diarrhea in most patients. The onset of Crohn’s disease is based on the generic factor, so studies show that 20% of people with Crohn’s disease have a close relative who suffers from it or ulcerative colitis. Although it can affect people of all ages, it is more common in young people under the age of 30. People with Crohn’s disease may experience severe symptomatic periods, followed by periods of clinical remission, lasting weeks or years.
Its symptoms differ depending on the area of the intestine where the disease is manifested, and generally include:
– Chronic diarrhea, often with bleeding or mucus;
– Weight loss;
– Abdominal pain;
– The sensation of mass agglomeration in the abdomen;
– Anal bleeding.
– Other symptoms (severe pain, fever, swelling of the gastrointestinal tract, perforation of the intestine) may develop, depending on the complications of the condition.
The origin of Crohn’s disease it is insecure. It has long been considered an autoimmune disease, but studies suggest that chronic inflammation is not due to the immune system, which attacks the body, but rather appears to be the result of the immune system attacking bacteria, viruses or food in the gut, causing its inflammation.
Factors that make the condition worse include:
– infections – including common colds;
– certain anti-inflammatory drugs (such as aspirin and ibuprofen).
There is currently no cure for the disease, but there are treatments that control the symptoms and increase the remission period, so that most people who suffer from this condition can lead normal lives. Treatment can only be recommended by a specialist.