MEDICAL DICTIONARY

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A

allergy a reaction of the body to a substance (food, pollen, dust, etc.), which causes hypersensitivity.
anaerobic which require or exist in the absence of free oxygen.
atopy genetic tendency to develop allergic conditions – asthma, atopic dermatitis, rhinitis. This is often associated with the body’s hypersensitivity reactions to common allergans either inhaled or with food origins.
autoimmune which is related to a disease caused by antibodies and lymphocytes produced to fight the natural substances present in the body.

 

B

bacteria a member of a group of single-celled microorganisms that have cell walls but no organized nucleus. Some bacteria can cause disease.

 

 

C

colon the anatomical component of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum. It consists of three parts: ascending, transverse and descending. At its level, the fecal bowl is formed (through fermentation processes, water absorption and nutrients), which is to be eliminated.
constipation digestive tract disorder, which is manifested by a delay of more than 72 hours in the stool. Persistence of stool delay leads to chronic constipation. For more details on constipation, visit (link catre pagina de Patologie)
chronic constipation situation in which the seat delay persists.

 

 

E

eubiosis Optimal development of the mechanisms of life.

 

F

endogenous saprophytic flora microorganism that grows inside a foreign tissue and feeds on decomposing organic substances.
saccharolytic flora microorganisms that are part of the endogenous saprophytic flora and have the ability to ferment sugars.

 

 

G

sprout Formation – corpuscle, seed – initial in the development of living beings.

 

I

immune resistant to a certain infection or toxin, due to the presence of specific antibodies or sensitive white blood cells.
insulin hormone produced in the pancreas, which regulates the amount of glucose in the blood.
intolerance inability to eat or take medication without experiencing side effects.
inulin a complex of sugars present in the roots of various plants and used medically to test kidney function. Inulin is a fructose-based polysaccharide.

 

 

L

laxative about food or medicine with a purgative effect (which easily cleanses the intestines, facilitating the appearance of stools.)
levura the single-celled fungus that produces the fermentation of alcohol.

 

 

M

metabolism The totality of the complex processes of synthesis, assimilation (with energy storage), degradation and disassimilation (accompanied by energy release), which substances in a living organism undergo
microbiome all microorganisms in the human body or in certain parts of it.
microbiota microbiome, all microorganisms in the human body or parts of it.
intestinal microflora all microorganisms present in the small and large intestine.
colonic mucosa membrane lining the large intestine.

 

 

O

oligofructose the form of fiber found in vegetables and other plants, also available as a supplement. It is a food for saccharolytic bacteria that live in the intestines. Moreover, being a soluble fiber, it is soluble in water. As a food supplement, oligofructose manages to regulate intestinal transit, create a feeling of satiety, reduce hunger and decrease calorie intake.

 

P

patogen disease producer.
pathology the branch of medicine that studies the nature and symptoms of a disease.
posology part of the therapy that studies the indications regarding the doses and the modalities of administration of the medicines.
prebiotic fermentable substrate that contributes to increasing the number of beneficial microorganisms in the body. Indigestible food ingredient that contributes to the increase in the number of beneficial microorganisms in the intestines.
probiotic living microorganisms, which, administered in adequate amounts, confer a benefit to the health of the host.
profilaxy all sanitary and medical measures taken to prevent disease.

 

 

T

gastrointestinal tract the anatomical component of the digestive system consisting of the stomach, small intestine and large intestine.
digestive tract the anatomical component of the digestive system (consisting of the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine), at which food digestion takes place.

 

 

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